Mental Disorders

There is a large amount of people walking the streets today with undiagnosed mental disorders. Many of them actually live on the streets. Some of the former productive people now living on the streets could still be productive with the proper care and medication. The discoveries and medication available today could allow many of these people to again become productive members of society. Decades ago people with mental disorders were treated very poorly, even inhumanly. With the progress of psychiatric discoveries the stigmas once associated with mental disorders have been dismissed. Many people are on medication that allows them to function relatively normally. The un-medicated person in years past may have been labeled as “crazy” and checked in a mental institution.

Mental Disorders Without Medication

A problem can occur when a person that is functioning normally in society is no longer able to obtain his or her medication. This can happen due to financial problems or new regulations from insurance companies. What ever the reason, this change of events can totally disrupt the person struggling from mental problems. Another factor to consider is the person who decides to stop taking their medications without Dr’s approval. In either case, the results can be very dangerous. There have been incidents in the news associated with people that have stopped taking their medication. They may go on a rampage hurting other people or creating problems that they would not have created while medicated. It is very difficult for a person that has had problems associated with their lack of medication to get back where they were. In some cases, the police may have gotten involved creating legal problems for the person with mental disabilities. If the person has been hospitalized in a psychiatric unit, this can also create some problems when they try to reenter the work place. There may also be some ramification regarding their insurance coverage. The mental meltdown may have been averted if the person were able or determined to stay on their medication. There are places that will assist a person that is struggling to pay for their medications. A little research on the Internet and with the persons care giver may produce some effective options.

Mental disorders or mental, emotional, and behavioral problems are very real and can be very difficult for families to deal with. Some studies have shown that the number of adolescents that may have a mental disorder is as high as 20%. The causes of mental disorders can be attributed to the following factors.

* Genetics

* Chemical imbalances

* Head trauma

* Exposure to violence or war

* Extreme stress

* Loss of a loved one

We will attempt to give a brief description about some of the more common mental disorders.

Types of Mental Disorders

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders are probably the most common form of child disorders. Some studies have indicated that as many as 13% of those 9-17 years old have some type of anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders can include the following:

* Phobias anxiety associated with objects and situation

* General anxiety or unrealistic worries

* Panic Disorder which include actual physical symptoms

* Obsessive –Compulsive disorder or OCD patterns of repeated behaviors

* Post Traumatic Stress Disorder associated with some type of trauma or violence

Anxiety Disorders Treatment

Most of the anxiety disorders have treatment help available. A trained psychologist and psychiatrist can help develop a plan for most disorders. The anxiety disorder treatment plan will usually include medication and counseling. The combination of these plans is the optimal way to deal with the problem. There are many new medications being discovered every day. There is no need for a person to suffer without assistance. If you or a loved one is struggling with some type of anxiety disorder, ask your Dr. to give you some guidance.

Anxiety Disorder Subcategories

* Separation anxiety disorder

* General anxiety disorder

* Post-traumatic stress disorder

* Obsessive-compulsive disorder

* Major depressive disorder

* Dysthymia

* Bipolar disorder

Severe Depression

Studies have shown that as many as 2% of children today suffer from severe depression, and 8% may have a milder form of depression. The symptoms of depression are listed below:

* Emotions feelings of worthlessness or sadness

* Thinking errors, children feel like they can’t do anything right

* Physical loss of appetite, or change in sleeping habits

* Motivation, no desire to play with friends of participate in activities

The feelings above can also be associated with an increase in risk of suicide. Depression should be watched carefully and appropriate help or medication given to a child or adult suffering with these symptoms.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar is named as such because of the major mood swings ranging from one end of the spectrum to the other. The bipolar disorder also manifests itself with minor mood swings between the major mood swings. The bipolar person’s decision making process can also be impaired and they should not make major decisions when they are depressed. The bipolar person will also suffer from changes in normal eating and sleeping habits.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD is a fairly common diagnosis. Some people believe that it is over diagnosed, meaning that it is often given to someone that may not really have it. In some cases, if a child misbehaves he or she is given this diagnosis. The next step in this equation is to put the child on some type of medication. We are not saying this is bad. There are times when a child is given the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and placed on Ritalin or some other type medication prematurely.

Social Anxiety Treatment

Social anxiety treatment is available for people that are unable to feel comfortable in social situations. Almost everyone has natural fears about certain situations, but social anxiety is more complex than just simple public speaking fears. People that suffer from social anxiety can really never seem to feel comfortable in a group setting. The person may even believe that everyone is watching them or talking about them. If not checked, social anxiety can create a situation where the person suffering will not want to leave their house. There are some very effective medications available for this disorder. They can help create some normalcy for the person suffering from the anxiety.

Anxiety Medication

There have been some major developments in the field of anxiety medication in the last decade. Anxiety medication can help a person that is unable to function begin to function and enjoy life again. There are people that will say anxiety medication is not necessary, and that a person should be able to function without it. There may be some times when this is true, but people that are afraid to do basic daily tasks will argue with them. The fears sufferers of anxiety are very real to them. Some professionals will argue that the anxiety is a chemical imbalance and that medication is the only way to effectively help. There are others that will say that counseling should be able to fix the problem. In reality, it may require a little of both.

Anxiety And Teens

Anxiety and teens can be a problematic combination. With all of the other issues teens deal with, the addition of anxiety can make their lives miserable. Even teens without anxiety are overly concerned with their appearance, the clothes they wear, the friends they have, and their economic status. When you add the additional problem of anxiety, a teen can really have their hands full. The typical teen is a little unsure of them self anyway. If they are struggling with an anxiety disorder, they can begin to feel overwhelmed. If you feel your teen is suffering from non-typical teen anxiety, you should have them evaluated by your family Dr. If the Dr. is familiar with your child, he or she may even know them well enough to determine if they need more extensive help.

Childhood Mental Disorders

Childhood mental disorders include all of the disorders that adults deal with to a varying degree. It is not common for children to be diagnosed with Bipolar but it does happen from time to time. Below is a list of childhood mental disorders.

* Eating disorders

* Anxiety disorders

* Autism disorders

* Learning disabilities

* Mood disorders

* Schizophrenia

* Attention disorders

This is not a conclusive list but covers a majority of the disorders being dealt with today. Depression and anxiety are very common in children.

Treating Mental Disorder

Treatment for mental disorders should include a therapeutic component as well as a medicinal component. It is usually beneficial for parents of a child diagnosed with a mental disorder, to include counseling to any medication program. If a child is on medication for something, they may be able through counseling, learn to deal with the problem without the medication. There are almost always side effects associated with any medication, so learning to live without them is optimal. If the disorder is biological, caused due to a chemical imbalance, it may not be possible for the child to do without them. These are all factors that should be discussed with the Dr. treating the child.